Antigua ethnicity

What are the predominant ethnicities of people living in Antigua?

The ethnic composition of Antigua and Barbuda is predominantly of African descent, followed by mixed race, and a smaller percentage of the population is of European and East Indian descent.

The majority of the population, about 87%, is of African descent, a legacy of the Atlantic slave trade when enslaved Africans were brought to the islands to work on sugar plantations. They have contributed significantly to the cultural fabric of the island, with influences in music, food, and local traditions.

People of mixed race, including Mulatto and Creole people, account for about 4.7% of the population. This mix of cultures has resulted in a vibrant and unique cultural blend that adds to the richness of the island's heritage.

The European population, primarily of British descent, accounts for about 0.6% of the population. Many are descendants of the British colonists who settled the island during the period of colonization. There is also a small percentage of Portuguese who were primarily brought in as indentured servants in the 19th century.

The East Indian population, about 0.2%, are mainly descendants of indentured laborers who were brought to the island from India during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to work on the sugar plantations after the abolition of slavery.

There is also a small community of Middle Eastern descent, primarily Lebanese and Syrians, who have established successful businesses on the island.

Despite the diversity, the people of Antigua and Barbuda have a shared sense of national identity that is displayed through their hospitality, music, and cultural festivals like the annual Carnival.

In conclusion, Antigua and Barbuda is a melting pot of cultures, with the majority of the population being of African descent and the rest a mix of various ethnicities, all contributing to the rich and diverse culture of the islands.

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